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Electric vehicles have become increasingly popular in recent years, and this will only increase as time goes on. But this does rise a lot of questions around how EV's differ from their conventional counterparts.

In this article we are going to cover how an electric vehicle works and let you know everything you need to about electric powertrains. Just a helpful guide to help you learn a little more about EVs.

While electric cars do have a gear selection in the cabin it does not actually have a gearbox. Unlike petrol or diesel vehicles that have either got an automatic or manual transmission fully electric models don't have either. In stead electric models imitate the workings of an automatic car.

For driving the gear levels in most electric cars operate just the same as you would see in an auto with 'drive' for forward, 'R' to reverse, and 'N' for neutral. Other modes such as Eco or Sport only adjust specific data such as how sensitive your brakes or throttle is, or how firm the suspension is.

How Does this Impact the Driving Experience?

So, now we have established that an electric car somewhat resembles an automatic transmissions how does it fare on the road? The first thing you will notice is that not having more than one gear allows it to accelerate to top speed and decelerate smoothly as you drive.

The single gear adjusts all the way up to the electric cars top speed. Acceleration is also rapid as an electric motor delivers instant torque. This makes an electric car ideal for those in urban environments looking to have an agile approach to navigating the traffic.

Also, on fast motorways you won't have to work your way up to sixth gear thanks to the single gear setup.

Electric cars are rev at a far lower rate than a petrol car or diesel model. Conventional cars typically have a range of four to six thousand rpm limit. Whereas, a electric car takes that up to 20,000rpm. This really illustrates how power efficient electric cars are through their rev range.

Electric cars also operate in a very narrow rev range. Unlike conventional engines which use different gear ratios maintain a narrow power band as the road speed varies.

All of this also contributes to electric engines being far less complicated to build and maintain than models with internal combustion engines.

What Advantages Does This Approach Offer?

Electric cars having a single gear do also offer advantages to both manufacturers and drivers.

Advantages for Manufacturers

For manufacturers who produce electric vehicles, the main advantage is that there are fewer parts to install which reduces costs and the complexity of the build with a driveline system with multiple gears. It would actually increase the cost of cars significantly. And costs will increase of the vehicles. Electric cars are already too expensive.

Advantages for Drivers

For a consumers perspective the key advantage is that less can go wrong with electric motors over normal car batteries and a combustion engine. This leads to fewer surprise bill. Not to mention the other key advantages of an EV such as the attractive running costs.

What About Hybrid Cars?

Since we have covered fully electric motors lets talk a little about hybrid models. While you will usually find modern electric cars automatic their hybrid counterparts can be manual or conventional automatic transmission. Most newer models are automatic. This means learning how to drive one will be very straightforward.